What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, is one of the 100+ chemical compounds that have been isolated from hemp plant. These diverse chemical compounds, called Cannabinoids, are known for their medicinal properties that provide benefits for both humans and mammals alike.
For many years the majority of research surrounding Cannabis focused on the cannabinoid, Tetrahydrocannabinol more commonly known as THC. However, in recent years research has shown that using CBD offers promising results without having to experience the psychoactive effects that comes with using THC.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
Although hemp and marijuana do come from the same cannabis plant, their chemical compounds cause their functions to differ in many important ways. The chemical THC plays an important role in differentiating the two compounds.
Marijuana on average contains 15% to 20% THC resulting in a feeling of being ‘high”. Hemp on the other hand contains 0.3% or less in THC, making it nearly in impossible to experience a psychoactive effect.
Marijuana is often known for its recreational use and at times is used for therapeutic purposes. In contrast, hemp is harvested to create a variety products such as clothing, food, plastic, CBDinfused products and much more.
How Is CBD Oil Made?
CBD in its purest form, requires an extraction process that consist of isolating the cannabinoid, CBD, from the hemp plant. CBD is commonly extracted by either using the CO₂ extraction or the ethanol extraction. Both methods are considered to be the cleanest method for extracting CBD.
The CO₂ extraction process entails filtering hemp plants through a series of chambers. Carbon dioxide pressurizes the hemp at a cool temperature to isolate the cannabinoid. CBD is later mixed into a carrier at a high temperature.
Ethanol extraction involves marinating the hemp plant in ethanol from anywhere between several hours to a few days. The CBD saturated in ethanol is then heated at a high temperature to evaporate the ethanol. This leaves behind a highly concentrated CBD extract that can be later mixed into a carrier.
What Are Cannabanoids?
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds that can be found in hemp plants, and the human body.
Endocannabinoids are produced in the human body.
Phytocannabinoid are found in plants.
Synthetic Cannabinoids are manufactured manually.
Phytocannabinoids can be found in full spectrum.
Types of CBD
Full Spectrum products contain the whole hemp plant’s naturally-occurring cannabinoids. These cannabinoids include terpenes, THC, CBD and many more.
Broad Sectrum maintains the same naturally-occurring cannabinoids as Full Spectrum, however a refining process comes into effect to remove THC.
Through the preferred extraction process, all cannabinoids are removed except CBD meaning CBD Isolate is the most pure form of CBD.
The Endocannabinoid System
Cannabinoids interact with an internal complex system that all mammals have called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS consists of many receptors that play a vital role in regulating many functions in your body such as motor regulations, pain sensations and sleep. There are two main types of receptors in your ECS known as the CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors are like “locks” and cannabinoids are like “keys.” When parts of the body are “off,” cannabinoids can be introduced to bring your body back to a balanced state.
- 1 BRAIN
- 2 THYROID
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- 4 LIVER
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- 9 TESTES
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- 4 PANCREAS
- 5 DIGESTIVE TRACT
- 6 BONE